Hops are hot; sours are sexy; imperials are amusing—but browns are boring?—at least they are in the minds of many craft beer lovers unaware of the complexity of the brown beer spectrum.
If you judge a book by its cover, brown ales might seem dull. But, when you look below the surface, brown ales can be just as innovative, tasty and food-friendly as every other style, if not more.
Color vs. Style
Like red ales and ambers, brown ales are discerned by a color rather than a historical, regional, or ingredient-based classification. But, defining a beer by its hue might be likened to describing wine as being merely red or white.
“Few beers are named by a color, which is rather generic,” says Adam Avery, founder of Avery Brewing Company in Boulder, Colo. Avery’s Ellie’s Brown Ale, a relatively aggressive American brown¹, has had a place on the brewery’s tap list since its inception in 1993. “[Brown Ales] definitely have a place,” says Avery. “It might not be a hot style, but it is a food friendly beer.”
What differentiates the beers in this wide-reaching, color-based category is the country and region of origin. England, Belgium, Germany and even the U.S. have a rich history of producing brown ales. From American brown ales to robust porters, abbey bruins to oude bruins, English milds to India brown ales, the spectrum of brown-colored beers is quite far-reaching and distinctively diverse.
Brown Ale’s Brief History
Brewers in London, England, first used the term “brown ale” in the late 17th century. Back then, brown ales varied in alcohol strength, were lightly hopped, and brewed mostly from brown malt. As more and more brewers opted to use cheaper and more readily available pale malts as a base, brown ales lost their luster in the 18th century.
The term “brown ale” resurfaced in the late 19th century with the production of Manns Brown Ale in England. With its release in 1925, Newcastle Brown Ale set the stage for the success and future popularity of the style. In 1986, American craft beer pioneers, Pete Slosberg and Mark Bronder, released Pete’s Wicked Ale—the beer largely responsible for establishing the American brown ale as a commercial beer style and category for beer competitions.
Since the 80s, innovation has prevailed, giving way to many new and different twists on the old school brown ale recipe. A prime example of uniqueness found in the style is Rogue Ale’s Hazelnut Nectar. Brewery founder Jack Joyce explains that his beer involves a twist, the addition of actual nuts in the brew. “The original nut brown didn’t have nuts in it,” Joyce explains. “The hazelnut is the official nut of the Oregon, and we’re the largest hazelnut producing state in the nation.”
This modified brown ale is widely distributed and remains the brewery’s second best-selling beer, and is still, in many ways, a tradition brown recipe.
The Style Spectrum
According to the late beer writer Michael Jackson, the designation brown ale included dark-brown ales from the south of England, reddish-brown ales from the northeast of England, and even the slightly sour, brown beers of Flanders. According to the Brewers Association (BA), there are five styles of beer with the word “brown” in the title, and several more that fall into the brown color spectrum.
Recognized Brown Ale Styles
English-Style Brown Ale
Copper to brown in color. Medium body, ranges from dry to sweet maltiness, and very little hop flavor or aroma. 3.3-4.7% ABV.
- Pizza Port | Ocean Beach, CA | Skidmark Brown Ale
- Lost Coast Brewing Company | Eureka, CA | Downtown Brown
- Lazy Magnolia Brewing Company | Kiln, MS | Southern Pecan Nut Brown Ale
- Cigar City Brewing | Tampa, FL | Maduro Oatmeal Brown Ale
Mid to dark brown (may have red tint) in color. Light- to medium-bodied, low to medium malt sweetness, caramel and chocolate notes, medium hop bitterness. 3.5-4.7% ABV.
- Wind River Brewing Company | Pinedale, WY | Out of Order Porter
- Black Raven Brewing Company | Redmond, WA | Tamerlane Brown Porter
- Sound Brewery | Poulsbo, WA | Poundage Porter
- Bayhawk Ales, Inc. | Irvine, CA | Chocolate Porter
Light- to medium-bodied deep copper to brown in color. Characterized by a slight to strong lactic sourness, low to medium bitterness and a cocoa-like character from roast malt. Oak-like or woody characters may be pleasantly integrated into overall palate. 3.8-5.2% ABV.
- New Belgium Brewing Co. | Fort Collins, CO | Lips of Faith La Folie
- Haverhill Brewery & The Tap | Haverhill, PA | Ruby Bruin
- The St. Louis Brewery/Schlafly Beer | St. Louis, MO | Schlafly Oud Bruin
German-Style Brown Ale (Düsseldorf-Style Altbier)
Copper to brown in color. Medium body, malty flavor, hop character may be low to medium in the flavor and aroma. 3.6-4.4% ABV.
- Grimm Brothers Brewhouse | Loveland, CO | Little Red Cap
- TAPS Fish House & Brewery | Brea, CA | TAPS Alt
- Chuckanut Brewery and Kitchen | Bellingham, WA | Chuckanut Alt
- Squatters Pub Brewery | Salt Lake City, UT | Alt & In The Way
American-Style Brown Ale
Deep copper to brown in color. Medium roasted malt caramel-like and chocolate-like characters, low to medium hop flavor and aroma, medium to high hop bitterness, and a medium body. 3.3-5.0% ABV.
- Avery Brewing Company | Boulder, CO | Ellie’s Brown
- Dogfish Head Craft Brewery | Milton, DE | India Brown Ale
- Smuttynose Brewing Company | Portsmouth, NH | Old Brown Dog Ale
- Big Sky Brewing | Missoula, MT | Moose Drool Brown
Other Brown-Colored Styles
|English-Style Dark Mild||Old Ale|
|British-Style Imperial Stout||British-Style Barley Wine|
|Scotch Ale||Belgian-Style Dubbel|
|Belgian-Style Quadrupel||South German-Style Dunkel Weizen|
|German-Style Dark Wheat Ale|
Brown Ale Food Pairings
It may come as a surprise, but brown ales are often heralded by brewers, chefs, and beer experts as being some of the most food-friendly styles of beer.
Ray Daniels | Cicerone® Certification Program
“For consumers, I always say that brown ale is the universal food pairing beer. Malt and toasty flavors tend to resonate with lots of different foods, so it is usually going to be at least “OK” as a pairing. That makes things easy for folks who are just looking for a quick way to select a beer. Years ago I did a pairing exercise in Japan where we were looking for beer to go with different types of sushi. While there were some cases where other beers were better, I remember that for many of the pairings brown ale was about the best we could do. That was really the point that I realized brown ale’s ability to pair decently with a lot of different things.”
Adam Avery | Avery Brewing Company
“The pairings are infinite. It [Ellie’s Brown] works well with anything from Mexican food—where the sweetness cuts through spiciness—to barbecue. It’s quite meat friendly and is often times overlooked because it is not as sexy, super hoppy or alcoholic.”
Personally, I think that browns ales are some of the tastiest and most exciting styles being brewed today—hopefully, you will too!
¹While Avery lists Ellie’s Brown Ale as an American brown ale, the Beer Judge Certification Program style guidelines classifies it as a northern English brown.
What’s your favorite American craft-brewed brown?
Angelo M. De Ieso II is a New England native who has spent the majority of his adult life in one of North America’s craft beer capitals, Portland, Ore. Angelo runs the website BREWPUBLIC that focuses primarily on Northwest craft beer culture and, “Yeast, malt, and the pursuit of hoppiness.” He loves his work organizing beer events, naming beers for breweries, and making the most of social media. Angelo is currently living in the Bay Area where he can often be found at his favorite craft beer haunt, Beer Revolution. Find him on Twitter @BREWPUBLIC.