As Americans continue to embrace tart-flavored craft beers, these styles are finding their food pairing footing across the U.S. From a blueberry pie in Maine to a citrusy salad in California, these beers, crafted with distinct Belgian techniques that involve wood barrels and spontaneous fermentation, are holding their own next to some of America’s most beloved foods.
Sour and Wild Beer: The Distinction
The terms wild and sour in reference to craft beer are usually used interchangeably, but there is a difference. Beers are soured by introducing acidifying bacteria (Lactobacillus and Pediococcus being the most common) to fermenting beer. Wild beer is generally used to describe any beer that displays the earthy characteristics of Brettanomyces yeast strains—often shortened to Brett—regardless of whether the beer is a light golden ale or a strong dark stout. Often these styles receive all three of the bacteria to blend a funky, sour character that many beer geeks have developed an affinity for.
From coast to coast, America’s small and independent craft breweries are producing sour and wild beers that pair perfectly with regional dishes.
In the Pacific Northwest, sour beers are more than a beverage accompaniment with meals, they are ingredients in recipes. The chefs at Cascade Brewing Company in Portland, Ore., use their Cascade Kriek to enhance locally-grown cherries, Cabernet Sauvignon grapes and other seasonal fruits that are added to compotes for meat and cheese plates.
These sometimes tangy beers are also strong enough to replace vinegar in vinaigrettes for salads or give a flavor spike to Carolina-style barbecue sauce.
- Cascade Kriek Ale | Cascade Brewing |Portland, OR
- Rainier Kriek | Double Mountain Brewery |Hood River, OR
- Peche ‘n Brett | Logsdon Organic Farmhouse Ales | Hood River, OR
- Ocho Sour | Flat Tail Brewing | Corvallis, OR
- The Lamb | Fremont Brewing | Seattle, WA
Atlantic Northeast Sours
Nothing says Atlantic Northeast like seafood rolls. Whether they’re paired with shrimp, crab or lobster, sours are a match for them all. Their vibrant, citrusy notes slice through the rich, fattiness of seafood.
Sours are just at good at showing their sweet side, too. In Maine, where blueberries grow as wild as Brettanomyces, the tartness of these beers accent the sugary sweetness of pie. These yeasty beers cut through sweetness without overpowering the light, earthy elements of fresh-picked blueberries.
- Coolship: Resurgam | Allagash Brewing Company | Portland, MA
- Tulach Leis | Vermont Pub & Brewery |Burlington, VT
- Festina Peche (summer) | Dogfish Head Craft Brewed Ales | Milton, DE
- Ithaca Excelsior! Le Bleu (limited) | Ithaca Beer Company | Ithaca, NY
Peaches, whether fresh-picked or cooked into a spicy sauce and drizzled over shrimp and grits, have found a new friend in craft beer. The tangy element of sour beers like Tampa-based Cigar City Brewing’s Kumquat Berliner Weiss, bring out the natural flavor of fruit, without overpowering it.
The uniquely crisp quality of sour beer, combined with the complex flavor profile of sauces made with peaches and other fruits, creates a party on a palate. And just as easily, sour beers balance out strong flavors while making them dance off each other. From cioppino in Florida to gumbo in New Orleans, these beers effortlessly break through rich, thick and spicy southern staples.
- Kumquat Berliner Weiss | Cigar City Brewing | Tampa, FL
- The Danger Zone Series (limited) | Highland Brewing Company | Asheville, NC
- Natty Greene’s American Sour 2012 | Natty Greene’s Brewing Company | Raleigh, NC
The flavor from Brett gives sours the legs to stand alongside earthy produce like potatoes grown in Idaho or mushrooms produced in California. These beers play just as well alongside California’s more delicate flavorful crops too, like peppery-flavored arugula.
When combined with California’s abundant citrus like lemons, limes, grapefruits and oranges, sour beers create an unmatchable flavor sensation. Creating a pairing with citrus fruits, which are strong enough that they don’t mind the bright acidity of a sour, causes quite a pop on the palate.
- Agrestic Ale | Firestone Walker Brewing Company | Paso Robles, CA
- Temptation; Supplication; Consecration | Russian River Brewing Compnay | Santa Rosa, CA
- Red Poppy | The Lost Abbey | San Marcos, CA
- Sour in the Rye with Kumquats; Oude Tart; Hottenroth; Tart of Darkness | The Bruery | Plancentia, CA
- The Meddler | Odell Brewing Company | Fort Collins, CO
- L’Brett d’Or | Crooked Stave Artisan Beer Project | Denver, CO
Sharp-flavored sour beers can handle heat, and with the wild yeasts and unruly bacteria strains they’re known for, they’re right at home among the spice-heavy foods of the Southwest.
The beers stand up particularly well against pepper-laden tex-mex staples like hearty bowls of spicy chili and chipotle black bean soups. Fatty beef, like those cuts of meat traditionally found rotating for hours over a barbecue spit in Texas, hold up against the strong flavors of a sour beer. The tangy bite of these beers bring out the meaty flavor that can sometimes be downplayed by barbecue sauce.
- Territorial Reserve Wild Wheat Wine (limited) | COOP Ale Works | Oklahoma City, OK
- Boxer’s Revenge; Funk Metal; Das Wunderkind; RU 55; Ol’ Oi; Bonnie the Rare; Buddha’s Brew; Das Überkind (limited) | Jester King Brewery | Austin, TX
- Los Innovadores (limited) | Santa Fe Brewing Company | Santa Fe, NM
- 5th Element; 529 | Squatters Pub Brewery | Salt Lake City, UT
Even in the Midwest, where long-standing, traditional brewers have crafted beer for decades, sour beers are becoming more and more of a welcomed flavor. Central Waters Brewing Company released their sour, Exodus, at the 2012 Kohler Festival of Beer in Kohler, Wis.
The show’s section of sour beers, one of a growing number of sour showcases at American craft beer festivals, featured brews that could seamlessly slice through rich, traditional Wisconsin foods like double brat sandwiches, bowls of pork sausage chowder and deep-fried, beer-battered cheese curds.
When it comes to pairing cheese with sour beer, which can taste a bit funky, the rule of thumb is: the stinkier the better. Aged Brie is a good choice; and tart beers pair as well with sharp Cheddars, Blues and fatty Mascarpones.
- Wisconsin Belgian Red; Raspberry Tart; Serendipity; Berliner Weiss; Old English Porter | New Glarus Brewing | New Glarus, WI
- Exodus | Central Waters Brewing Company| Amherst, WI
- Maracaibo | Jolly Pumpkin Artisan Ales | Ann Arbor, MI
- Blue Sunday Sour | New Holland Brewing Company | Holland, MI
- Saison-Brett | Boulevard Brewing Company | Kansas City, MO