When Craft Beer Goes Bad: A Guide to Refusing a Beer

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Credit: CraftBeer.com

Beer, even craft beer, will go “bad” under normal conditions. In fact, the quality of beer starts to change as soon as it leaves the brewery. Does bread straight out of the oven taste as good after sitting on a counter for a week? A keg of beer has an average shelf life of a few to several months if it’s kept in an optimal environment, which includes being stored cold.

Considering that up to a third of that time is spent sitting at the brewery or in a distributor’s warehouse, the window is even smaller for the consumer to enjoy it. Brewers, distributors and retailers work together to make sure that consumers receive beer that is as close to how the brewer intended as possible. Even so, poor storage practices or poor draught system maintenance can quickly degrade draught beer quality. With this in mind, how do you recognize a beer that is past its prime and when should you send back the craft beer you ordered?

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Ultimately, you should be able to send back any beer that you are unsatisfied with. Your favorite watering holes and restaurants should want you to be happy, but consumers seem to have hang-ups about doing this. Everyone has heard horror stories of retribution from restaurant staff for sending back steaks that were not satisfactory to the customer. Others have adopted a mentality that all beer is good and “we should be so lucky” to have any. Still, there is an increasing number who fear being labeled a “beer snob” by their peers for rejecting a mistreated beer.

I believe these are all flimsy concerns. The likely outcome of asking for a different beer would be a server who is perfectly happy to bring you a beer that you’ll appreciate and enjoy. Additionally, the interaction offers a chance to discuss what was wrong and how to fix it. I think it would be difficult to disguise malicious retribution from wait staff in a beer, and I doubt a busy bartender has time to coordinate an attack on your meal.


As craft beer enthusiasts, we know that not all beer is created equal. True, all beer has the power to create community, spark friendships and perhaps new ideas, but drinking old or contaminated beer is something we should not accept simply on the grounds that it’s beer, or worse, that it’s just beer.

Finally, I believe snobbery is more selfishness than anything else. If you are sending back beer just to flex your craft beer sensory prowess, then you deserve to be labeled as such. If you care about the next person who orders the beer, or the brewery that crafted it and know that what you have in your glass is not how the brewer intended it to taste, or be served, then you have a DUTY to send back the beer and voice your concerns.

Mistreated Beer vs. Personal Taste

This duty entails knowing when to use the power of refusal, sommelierexplains beer consultant and owner of Beer Sommelier, Matt Simpson (left). Simpson recognizes that there is a shift in regard to craft beer in restaurants and that a certain amount of leeway must be granted to those who are slow to catch on.

Simpson notes that there is a distinction between bad beer (mistreated) and beer that is not someone’s preference. “Sending a beer back, simply because you don’t like it — unless you’re relying on your server or bartender to cater to your tastes — this is a no-no. You should be asking yourself and your server a few questions about the craft beer you’re served,” said Simpson.

(INFOGRAPHIC: How to Choose the Right Beer Glass)

Common Ways Beer is Mistreated

  • Was your beer stored at improper temperatures? It is suggested that beer kegs be stored below 40°F. Above this temperature, beer spoiling factors increase, resulting in oxidative flavors like wet cardboard.
  • Was your beer served with no glass/dirty glass/wrong glass? Have you ever ordered wine and had the server just place the bottle in front of you? Your beer experience is improved when served in proper glassware. This includes beer free from foreign matter (from a dirty glass) that may hurt the appearance, flavor, aroma or general experience that comes with enjoying beer.
  • Was your beer served at an improper temperature? No one likes warm beer, that’s a given, but extremely cold beer hinders the development of volatile compounds that make up the complex aroma and flavor of your beer. Beer glasses can be room temperature or chilled, but frosted glasses are not suggested to appreciate craft beer.
  • Was your beer served from contaminated draught lines: A properly poured draught beer is quite special and many believe is the closest example of the brewer’s intentions. Unfortunately, if a draught system is not properly serviced, beer spoiling bacteria can contaminate the beer corrupting the entire experience. “Whichever it may be, the management needs to know so they can cease the serving of this beer, check their side of the equation and inform the wholesaler and brewer,” says Simpson. “Consider it a public service.”

Craft Beer Problems

Download a .pdf of this chart

What to Do When Served Mistreated Beer

In theory, the answer is obvious to everyone: you send it back. For some, including myself, there seems to be a problem and stigma attached to this. For me, I think it’s the desire to avoid a confrontation. One bad beer should not ruin the other aspects of an enjoyable craft beer experience, like the company of a friend. Though, staying silent will not correct the situation for those who will come after you. We have a duty to be stewards of great craft beer. As more and more people begin to choose true craft beers, it is paramount that we give them every opportunity to discover what we have had the pleasure of experiencing.

(MORE: The Importance of Clean Glassware)

Sending Beer Back

It’s not enjoyable to send a beer back, and just because the beer is oxidized does not give carte blanche to refuse it, especially if the beer came to you literally by way of the slow boat from Europe. If you have an issue with oxidized imports, your best bet is to drink as local as possible. It is important to recognize the signs through research and understand when something must be acted on.


“When it comes to sending something back, my only ‘absolute’ is if the flavor has been compromised to the point that I won’t drink it,” says Ray Daniels, Cicerone Certification Program director, “A three-month-old IPA that has lost the brightness of the hop aroma doesn’t merit a sendback, but a beer that’s obviously papery, waxy or otherwise well oxidized would. And certainly anything with evident signs of infected draught lines is going to merit a change.“

Educating yourself on beer styles and symptoms of contaminated beer go a long way in recognizing a problem, but Daniels insists that sending beer back doesn’t give you the right to be a jerk. “Just because we know better does not make us God’s gift to beer. And for goodness sake, just because you are spending money does not give you license to be ugly.”

Ultimately, the consumer is just as responsible for blowing the whistle on bad beer as anyone else who comes in contact with it along its journey to your glass. It will help ensure that the experiences future craft beer enthusiasts have are never negative. Strive to be a steward of beer, not a beer snob. And just because beer goes bad, doesn’t mean we have to drink it.

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Andy Sparhawk, the Brewers Association's acting editor-in-chief for CraftBeer.com. Andy is a Certified Cicerone® and BJCP Beer Judge. He lives in Westminster, Colorado where he is an avid craft beer enthusiast. On occasion, Andy is inspired to write on his experiences with craft beer, and if they are not too ridiculous, you might see the results here on CraftBeer.com.

CraftBeer.com is fully dedicated to small and independent U.S. breweries. We are published by the Brewers Association, the not-for-profit trade group dedicated to promoting and protecting America’s small and independent craft brewers. Stories and opinions shared on CraftBeer.com do not imply endorsement by or positions taken by the Brewers Association or its members.